ٻǧһШӨѧѴ ѧѴҸ ٻǧһШӨѧѴ

Թ ҵ

ͧ (GOLD)

   ͧ

ͧ

ͧͧdzҹ Ӻͧ ؤԹ ѧѴ Ҹ شͧ ҧҡ§ 800
ͧdzҹ Ӻͧ ѡء Թҧ§Թҧ Ѻ Ժҧغ ҹ ¡ ǹ˹ͧ͡˧-š غֺ˭ ֧ͧѧĴ Դͧ ѹҢ˹ͧ ºŧҡ֡عͧ ͧŧ ҹ "§" ͧ͹ͧ ٻҧ з ѡԹԹ͹ͧ ҧǧĴ ҡŧҡ Ѵͧŧ
͹ͧҹԹҹؤ͹ չ ǫ鹨 äǡ 40 - 50 شͧԸ͹ҹ ҧ ͺ֧ ǡҳͧ Դ§ҡ ͡ӹǹҡ ǧ⪤ Թҳѹҡ֧ѹ ѡǧö͹֧ͧѹ 1 - 2 ֧
ǫ鹨ͧСͧ ѵ ó ¹ ѡ¹ǹͧѧ "ྪ" ǫ鹨 Դͧǧ ó Դͧ¹ͧ ԹشѹѺ ֡ͧ ǹ˹ͧçѹ¹ǹ ֡Ѻ ͧ "ྪ"
ͧѹѹҡ Ѱͺ Ѵ صͧǫ鹨 Ѻ׺ʹҹشͧҡԴ ѡªѰ ҡҹشͧ ѴºѺͧ Ѻ ҪҹҪԹó"
Թع֡Ժͧ ١¹͹ á .. 2473 ѧԴͧѡͧͧ 2 - 3 ͧʺ֧ԡԨ
ҡͧͧԹҧкԧѧԴ .. 2475 ѷ Societe dOr de Litcho Ǩ ֡ŧ ׹Թͧع ͡˧ ͧҡ Ӥѭͧ٧ ֧ҹҡѰ ֧ͧͧ 20 Թش֧ ѧѹ֧֡ͧͧͧ
"ҳ 1,000 ԴԹ ǡ Դͧͧͧҧ 2 ǧ͹֧͹Թö ҧͧ ҧöԹԴҧ ͧççԹ 9 ҡ 9 á
ԹԸ ҧͧô ѺԹ´ ҧѺҧ ѵͧҧ 9 ´ҧ ç͡ Թ ǹͧ͹͹ѧԴ ѵ ѺԹ ҡҧҧ ѧ ҧѺҹͧŧѺ͹Ѻѡ ͧŧ ͡ ֧ͷŧ ͷ֧ٴͧҡ ҳ 30 ҷ 1 ͷѺͧ¡ҡѹ֧ѡͷ ͧ ֧ѡ
"ٻçк͡ԹҡԹ˹ ҳ 3/4-1 ٺ͹Ѻͧç 3 ҧҧԹͧҹͧ (˭) ٻҡѺ ҹ˹ ͧҧŧ 3 ա ٺͧѺŧٻҧ Ҵͧ͡ ֧Ѵ͡ҧ 1 ٹҧͧٻ 1 дǡ֡ҡ ͧ͡͹ҧѹ ֧͡ ͧѹŧ ͧش 4 Դظ ҡح 4 ͡ ԡ" 1
ѹ ͧѷԴ˹ѡ 12 , 17 25 š ͹Դʧš 2 ͧԴͧѺ ѹ ͧ͡ҡͧ˹ѡ֧ 2,000 š !
վ.. 2484 Դʧš 2 ԨͧͧͧԴŧ ԹҧѺ ѵʵͧͧԴѹ֡˹ա˹ ҡԹͧѰ ѧѹ֡ͧ Ԫ ɰص ʹյ͸ԺѾҡó ԹҧԹ ѹ֡ѵʵա˹ͧͧͧ
"اԹǹ Ѵѷ Societe dOr de Litcho ˹ѧʹѰͧͧѰ 100,000 ҳ 250,000 ҷ ѵš¹Թ ѷзҹѵͧͧ ѧѴҸ .. 2475

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1 о ͧç " ͧͧ١" , ѡᴹ , ٹ ֡ѺҤҹ ѵҹ, 2529.

ԴͧԵͧҳ 5 Ѻͧͧ ŧعͧ ҧͧ سش Ѻسҹ ԹҧҾͧ ԹҤѺҺԴ ͧҹԹҧ͹͹Ȩ¹ 2583 Ѻ͹ѹҤ ѺҺ ͧԴѺѰѹѹͧ ֧ͧ ͧöŧʶҹ˧-š ش ͧԹ ҡԹҺ Թŧա١֧֧ͧ ͧԹҧҧ 4 ѹ سҧҹԹ ͧ§çԹͧѡҧ Թͧ˹ öͧա Ҥʹ ͧ ͧѡػó ͧ
"ԹѴԹѭͧ ѹ 7 Ҥ 2484 ѰСʧѺ Ѱ͡Ҫ˹ǺԹ ͧͧͧҵѵѹѹ ѰԷִͧͧ ҧҴǨͧ ִ Ѻҵѵ Դͧ ѡҹ˹ҧاѭѾԹԴͧԹͧ ԡ׹ǧ Թػó ش͡öǹҴ˭ա 3 ѹͧ
˧-š ͧԹҧѹ 16 ֧ ҧҡ 2 ͡÷ءԹҺ ٧ѹͧѹҳ 1,000 ͧԹҧҹҧʹ ҹ Ժ ١ͧ¡ ʹҧ ԹdzԹùԵ Դպء ŧҺ ǡŧҧ Թغǹ¹ 5 ֧֧ҹ شҧҧѺͧ ѹԹҧҧҳ 50 ҹ ͡ҡç͹ѧѧҴ͹ Թҧͧ Թ
"Թ ͡Թҧ ѧŧա ҧԹ ҧ͡ѧԹᴹ ҧҹ ԹԹǹԹ ҧ͹ҳ 30 ֧֧ͧҹԧ ҧͧ Ҵ ʶҹǨ ӹѡҹ ѡ͹˹Թҧҧ 2 ҧҡͧѡ˭ ͧ ҧش 2 ԹʷҧҧѺԹùԵҧ شҹѧѧ§ 2 ҡ çҹ 俿ç٧Ҵ֧ͧ
"ͧҹشԹ ѹྴҹ ͧǹ˭ ҡѺ ҧ͹ྴҹԹ ŧҧҧ ͧҧҹʹ ͧѧСԴѹԹ ͧ§ѧҡѺ Դз͹ç ءѹͧѺԴԹͧç˹ ͧ ҧԴԹعͧѹѧ ͡Դǹóҡ ԸѺ
ѻá Թͧҡ ҡ 10 Ѻ ͧͷ 3 Թͧ ͧشҡԹöѺ ͷͧ Ѻͧ amalgum Դͧͧ Թѹ 23 ش͹ 1 ٴ amalgum ͡ҡͧ ͹ѡɳ͹Ѻ amalgum ѹشѹ ͹˭ѧͧ ͧ˹ѧ§Թǡ˭ ˹պ͹ amalgum ç͹Ѻз ͷǹԹ amalgum ʹҡ˹ѧ§ ͧա ͹ͧԴͷ amalgum ѹ ѹͷͧѹ͹"2
ѰԨԹ ͧͧҹ ʺѭҴŹʴػóҧ ǧ ʧ֧ͧԴͧ ѹ֡ͧԴ˹ŧ ͧͧ֡ѡͧҧ §תó ͧ ͡ѧҡ ͧѡͧ¹˹Թͧغ ѵҧԹա Ѻչǹʵ (.) ѧԹ ѧѧҹѧѧͺͧ
ºͧҧشѹѺ ѹ ѧ§ͧͧҡҡȹҹѹ ֧ͧǧ͹Դʧš͹ź˹͡ ѧͧӹǹѡͧҧ ѹ ¹ѡɳѡ ١ٴȹ֧˹˹ͧѾ
֧ͧҡ ԸҡѾ˧ͧѹ ѹѧͧ çͧ 90 § ç˹ աѧ͡ ͹ա 3 ѹѧͧ͹ çͧ ç¹ зԸҧʵ١ ç١Һ͡ Ѿͧѧԧ

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2 Ԫ ɰص "ѹ֡" ó Ѻ 42 .. 2527.

ͧͧԧͧʹء ǧͧ ͧͧѧ١ҧҧ֡ͧ ȹ ͧѧѺ зѾ 2528
˵óԴ 50 ѹ ͧͧԴԹաѷԹ ӡѴ ѺԷǨ .. 2528 ѺзҹѵҡѰԹ .. 2529 ѧҡͧҧ 40
Թ Դحͧ Է ʧѵ ѡǨҡ 2 Ծ Ѻ͹Ǩ˹ҡʶҹǨؤԹա 10 ҹա 30 Ե ԹҹǨͧҧشá .. 2527 ǡ ҹؤ§ç͹ҧ͹ д ͺ ǧشҡѹء ǡѧͧԪѹѹ ʺóӪͧ ͧ
Թ Դحͧ ֡ҧҹǡʵ Ңͧ ҡŧóԷ .. 2498 Ҩͧ Ԫ ɰص ʹյ͸ԺѾҡó Ǩͧ ԵҹͧԹ١ѹѺͧʹ ѨغѹԹç˹Ѵ ѷԹ ӡѴ ѹѷѷ ԹԨǹ˭ѺͧҤ
Է ʧѵ Ѻ١˹ͧ ֡ҹҹǨѺҭ عѺ ԷҹͧѺշʹ شҹԹ˹Ѵͧͧ
ǹԾ ˹˭˹ ˹Ǵ ҡʶҹǨؤԹ ҹѹͧͧѺǨشá Ѩغѹ˹ǨҹШ ͧҹ§ҹͧ
ç 10 ͹ͧؤѧԵ١ѹѺͧͧءѹ ѧШҧѴͧҹء 13 ͧҤ Ť Ѫɡ ا Թ Դحͧ ֧ͧҧԺ͹ ҡҹ֧ͧѹ
ѰԴͧͧ͡ӹǹ 3 ŧ ѹѺ Թ 2 ŧ Ҹ 1 ŧ Թʹ 2 ŧ ԹҸ ͧŧ ǨԹ֧ԡ ѡҾ§ǹҸ ѺԷǨ . 2528 ŧǨ .. 2528 - 2529 2 Ҿҧҡá ѧҡŧ سԷ ҹ Ǩ ѡǨԨѹá
"áǨӺҡҡ Թҧʹ ѧҡͧԴ͹ ᶺͧ . ҧѹԴ ҧ ١ ҧ˹֧ͧ ֧ͧԸԹ ֧ͧ . ¹ ѹ ҡԴ ǹ§ҧ ǨǨѺ"
˹Ǩ Ծ Ծ ˹˭ͧҹҹͧͧ ͧԺ ѧ˹ҹ ѹ˹͹ҹáԡҹ ֧ҹͧѺ١ա
кǹͧѹ ҡԶԵͧͧŧԴ͡ҡͧ ͧԵͧǡѺҹ˹ѡ ʡá úԹ ѹͧҡç ѹ ѴͧعԺ ա˧ҧҡѧͧʧū
׹ͧ §ҡԷҹͧԾҹ§ͧ¹ҡç ͧǧǧ ֧ѹԧҤ١ ǡҡشʺóԵͧ١͹Թ ͹Թ ѹͧ ش ҡӺҡ ʹءʹҹ ҧ ǹ¹ͧͧѡ ١ش ͧͧ ͡ ¡Ѱ .. ͧ ١Ժ¡ §ѹҧͧ͡ءѡٴ֧ǧǡ Թҧ˧-š ء͹ öͧͧͧ ֧˧-š ҡͧ ǡͧԹҧ͡ѧҹչҧҧҧ 3 ҡؤԹա 25 ҡؤԹԹҧա 35 ֧֧˧ǡѹԡԹҡ ѷԹ ԴѭҤҹء Թ͹ء͹ дǡʹԹӹǹҡѧͧѹʹҧö÷ءҹ ͧ͡ ѹѹͧ" Ѻͧͧ Թ ҭ ѹԧԵѹҧ Ѵ Ѻѹö Ѻͧաѹѹͧ
¹ͧѹ˹ѡͺ 2 ͧͧ ҡ ͡ѡ ǹ˹ʹԵ ҡҹ ͹ѡ ༪ԭѺֺ ç ͧ ѹաѹաѹ
ʴشͧѹ ״ͧ Ѻ§մաͧŧҧ׹ҹѺ§ͧ¹ҧʹ dzç ҧǧͧ§ ѧҨҧԹ§Դѧֺ ҡѺѧ ѺʾԵͧͧ ͹ ͧ١͡ҡͧѹء١ԴѺ §ǧ˹
ͧԵҡͧͧ ˹ѡ 3 - 6 š 繵ͧҳ 93.8 ٧شѺͧ Ե
Ҵšͧͧ 99.99 ͧط ˹֧ 100 100 ɮ ͧԵ 93.94 繵 ѹѺͧѺ ҵͧԹ ¡͹ ͧҳ 6 - 7 繵 й֧ͧͧԧ طش ¡͹ "refinning" Թ Դحͧ ͹شͧкǹͧѧ
"ԧöԹҡͧ͹ѹ ع٧ա ֧ԧ ҹԧͧط ͧ 99.99 ͹ͧ ͧ 90 ѺѺ ҹ͹֧Ҵš ͧҡͧͧҳҡ ֧ѷԧ"
Ѿҡ׹Թͧ ͧʹѰ͹ Ѱ֧ ҹ Թͧ͡ ҡͧҳҡѡ Ѱ֧Ѻ ͧԵҡͧ ͧͧ ҳ 12 - 20 š͹ ͧҡͧѡҧԹ ͡ " ͺҴعҴع ҡѺ ա 3 ѡҾ Ǩա ѹ ͧͧҧҹҧѡʺóͧͧ ҡ
"͹Ҥ ˹ ҨǨͧ ҧͧ˹ Ǩ ա ֧͡ ҧѧѴ ѷǨͧ ѡҾ§ͧ Ҩ ͹ҹʺó"
ҧǧáԨͧѺѹ պء ҡѺͧ ҧçشѺͧç ҧǺҺ ԧءѹ Ѻѹѹ٧ء
Ѻѹá ͧѹ ҵöͧءء ԹӺҡҧҧҧ ҡشѹ Թʹ عԺѹѺ ҹѹҡ ѵ سͧҡҡ ͧضتѹͧ
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