ԭԺͧ
Դͧ
ѹ
١

ԭԺͧ

[ Ҿ˭ ]
ѴǡѴ (seed dormancy) ö١ ö١ ѧŧԹ ͡Թ á͡ҳ - ѹ ( - Ҿ) ѧҡ

Դͧ


[ Ҿ˭ ]

Ҩ͡
. ҧġʵ ѡɳͧ͡ѡ ṡ͡ Դ
() ⾴غ (dent corn) ҧԷʵ Թഹ (Zea mays indentata) ͹ ͧҡ͹͹͹ҧ Դ ҡ͹غ˴ŧ ֧Դѡɳغѧ Ҵͧ ٧ ͹ ͧҨ ͧ ѹ ١ѹҡѰԡ
() ⾴ (flint corn) ҧԷʵ Թ (Zea mays in durata) ͺ ºغ͹ҧ ١ѹҡԡͧ١ԴͧҨ ͧ ǧ Դͧѹ
() ⾴ҹ (sweet corn) Էʵ (Zea mays saccharata) ١ѹҧ Ѻзҹѡʴ ѡҡ ҹ ˴ (´ҹͧҹѡ͹)
() ⾴ (pop corn) Էʵ (Zea mays everta) Ҵ͹ҧ ͡˹״ ١͹ԴçѹԴ͡ Ҩѡɳ ҧ ѹ ͧ ǧ
() ⾴˹ (waxy corn) Էʵ ҷԹ (Zea maysceratina) ͹ѹӻѧ١Ѻзҹѡʴҹҹҡ Դѹ ҧ ѹ ͧ ǧ ѡѹ
() ⾴ (flour corn) Էʵ (Zea mays amylocea) СͺԴ͹ҡ ͹ҧغ غ ١ԡ ԡҧ Ѱԡ Թ¹ᴧ١Ѻзҹ
() ⾴ (pod corn) ҧԷʵ (Zea mays tunica) ѡɳ§ѹ ѡ Ҵ͹ҧ Ѻ͡ء ѧ͡ѡա˹͹ ѡɳҧ ѹ (ٻѹ ˹ a) ⾴ԴӤѭҧɰԨ ١֡
.ѵʧͧ١ Ҩ͡ Դ
() ⾴ (grain corn) ١ѵ صˡҧ
() ⾴ѡ (silage corn) ١Ѵʴѡѵ
() ⾴ѵ (fodder corn) ١Ѵʴ§ѵ
() ⾴ѡ͹ (baby corn) ١ѡ͹ا (´ҹͧѡ͹)
ѹ١ѵʧҧѡɳ͹ѹ ǡ١ͧѹԵͧ٧ ǡ١Ѵʴѡ ѵԹç ѡѹ٧ѹҡ ҳҡ ǹѡ͹ ѹѡҹ

ѹ

[ Ҿ˭ ]
١ѹ Ҩѹ ǡ˭
. ѹ١ (hybrids) ١Էҧɵԭҡ ͧҡǡѺҡѺǴ ¹Ǵ § ӨѴѪת ǡԵ ͡ҡ ١ͧ١ء ҡѹ
. ѹ (open-pollinated variety) ѹԴ ҡѺѺاѹҧ ҨԵѹ١ ͡ҡѹǡѧѺҡѺҾǴҧҧҧ Թҡ¹ ѧԵ ͡ҡ ѧöѹաҧ - ѡѴ͡ѹͧ Ҩͧѹա ѹǡ Ҩ¡ Դ
() ѹ (composite) ѹѹҧ ѹ Ը ӹǹ ѹ ҡѹѹѹ ١ŧҧҡѹ ѹͧҵ١ѹ
() ѹѧ (synthetics) ѹҡѹѺͺ (combining abillity) ԸѹҨǡѺѹ

١


[ Ҿ˭ ]

. Ĵ١
ת͹ҧҹ١ҾԹҡͧͧ §ö١ʹ ١ǹ˭ҡҵ§ҧ ѧĴ١ѺӹǹШͧ͹ͧ ҡ͹չҤ Ȩ¹ ҧԧҤ-ѹ¹ ǧءش ѹ١ѹѨغѹҹҧ ҳ - ѹ ѧ ֧Ҩ͡١ Ҩ١ á١ҧ͹áҤ ҧ͹ԧҤ ǡ١Ĵ ѡԵ٧ǡ١Ĵ ͧҡҳѧäŧúǹ ҡ дǡҡ⾴ ͧҡء
. ͡١
Թ١͹к ¡ͧкѧ ⾴Թǹк شóͧԹҳҵת٧ Թôҧҹҧ (pH ҳ .-.) ͹ҧҧ ͡ҡѧת١Ҵ§٧ ա
͹١ͧԹ ӨѴѪתѵҧҾͧԹ ҡдǡ ͡ҡԹѧԹա
Թá ѹѧҡ źѧͧԹ Թͧա˹ ͹١Ĵ ѧҡҳ - çҧ ֡ҳ ૹ ԹԹ¡Թ ԹԴѴ ШͧҡҴ§ҡشҧѺҴ§ ͧѹҧԹ
ͧԹԴ ͧҡçѵ áԹͧ¹ Ѩغѹáѹ дǡǴ ֡źǹҧ ͧתҡçѵ ҧ Թá ͧҧѺش ֧дǡ
. Ը١
١١ дǡԺѵѡ ǹ ҧҳ - ૹ ҧҳ ૹ ʹŧ֡ҳ ૹ ӹǹ - ѹ͡ ͡͹ ١Ըӹǹҳ ,-, / ҧҧҨ¹ŧ Ҩ / ͹¡ ͧçҹҡ ١֧ʹ - ŧ ͹¡ʹĴ١
١ҧ ѺҾͧԹ ԹԴԹѵ٧ ١ Ҩ١֧ , ѧ ѵ١١֧ͧѺѺҾͧ
ԸʹҨԸ ѡʹ ͺشʹش ͧç͹١ͺͧ͡ѹ͹ ѵ͡ ʹ§ ͡§ ١ ʹ -



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