ѡɳӤѭͧ
Դͧ
Դͧ
ªͧ
ѡɳͧӤѭҧɵ

ѡɳӤѭͧ


[ Ҿ˭ ]

ѡɳҤѭͧҧ͡ѡɳѺԭԺ ѡɳѺѹ ѧ
. ѡɳѺԭԺ
ѡɳѹѺԭԺͧ ҡ
. ҡ ҡǹԹ ִѺԹ ҧҡԴ ˹Թ ҡ ҡШԹ
. ѡɳççҧͧ͡ ҧͧ ͧͧҧѹ ӹǹͧѺӹǹͧ ҳ - ͧ
. Ѻѧʧ ҵ ͹͡䫴 ԭԺ ҧͧ Сͺ Һ
. ѡɳѺѹ
ѹԴҡҧ ѡɳӤѭѺ ѹ ǧ ͡
. ǧ ǧ(panicle) ֧ͧ͡(inflorescence) Դͧͧѹشͧ ҧѹ ͧͧѹشѺͧ ¡ ǧ
. ͡ ֧ ǹѺѹ ͡Сͺ͡͡˭ͧҹѹ ǹ ͡͡˭͡ ¡ (lemma) ǹ͡͡˭ ¡ (palea) ͧ͡ ͧ͡ѹҨ
. ֧ ǹ¡ (endosperm ǹѾ ͡͡˭ͧ ѾǹԵ͡͡)

Դͧ

[ Ҿ˭ ]
Դͧҧͧš ͡ ǡ (oryza sativa) ١ѹ (oryza glaberrima) ١Ϳԡ Դͧҵҧ ѹԴ (species) ӤѭҺ ͹ (oryza spontanea) (oryza perennis) (oryza officinalis) (oryza nivara) Ѻѹ ǡ Сͧ١ѹءѹ ѧ ͧ¹ŧҧѹءҵ Ѵ͡ҵ ١ѹءѹ ͡ҡѹ Դ˹ͧҧdzҤ˹ ͧ

Դͧ


[ Ҿ˭ ]

١ ö͡Դҧ ͹ѺҵáѺ¡
. Ҿ١ ǹ ͧ
  • ֧ ١͹ ѧ١
  • ǹ ֧ ١ѡҹ дѺ֡Թ ૹ
  • ͧ ֧ ١ҹ дѺ֡ҡ
. Դͧ ˹ ˹ѡɳҧ͹ѹءҧ ҧѹ
  • Сͺ (amylose) ҳ - 繵
  • ˹ СͺԹ (amylopectin) ǹ˭ ǹ ҳ - 繵 Թ ˹ اء

ªͧ


[ Ҿ˭ ]

͡˹ ͡ҡѡШѹͧЪҪ ѧ ҹԴҧ ˹ ա ˹ͧҹҡ çҹصˡԵš˹اѺӵʵ Դѡ (fermentatio n) شʧʵ¹š ѺԵʡ ªͧ Թ͡ҧ

ѡɳͧӤѭҧɵ


[ Ҿ˭ ]

ѡɳͧͧѺɵ ѡɳѺԭԺԵ٧ͧͧ ١ ҾǴ¹ŧʹ֧سҾͧ ѹͧѡɳ ͧͧҴ ѡɳӤѭ ѧ

. ѡͧ (seed dormancy)
. ǧʧ (sensitivity tophotoperiod)
  • ǧʧ ǡ͡͡͹ҧѹ
  • ʧ ͧ͡͡ǡѺͧҧѹ
. ö֡ (floationg ability and tolerence to deep water)
. سҾͧ (grain quality) سҾͧ͡ Сͺѹ
  • سҾҧҾ ֧ ѡɳٻҧҴͧͧ
  • سҾҧ ֧ ͧСͺҧѹͧا
. ѡɳٻ (plant type) ѹԵ٧ͧѡɳٻӤѭѧ
  • ç ҧԹ
  • ٧ͧҳ - ૹ ٧ͧԹ֧ͧǧ٧ش
  • ҡǧҡ
. ҹҹäŧѵ (resistance to diseases and insects)



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